Oval: KRISHI VIGYAN KENDRA
(RANGA REDDY DISTRICT)
CENTRAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR DRYLAND AGRICULTURE
HAYAT NAGAR RESEARCH FARM - HYDERABAD - ANDHRA PRADESH
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PROFILE OF RANGA REDDY DISTRICT

Ranga Reddy District was formed on 15th August, 1978 by carving out some portion of Hyderabad Urban Taluk & the merger of the entire Rural and Urban Areas of the remaining Taluks of Erstwhile Hyderabad District. This District is primarily the Rural hinterland for Hyderabad City feeding the powerful commercial Centre with various raw Materials, agriculture produce and finished products.

Origin of the Name : The Name of the District was Hyderabad (Rural) to begin with. It was changed as K.V. Ranga Reddy District and later on Ranga Reddy District. It was named after former Deputy Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh late  Sri K.V. Ranga Reddy.

Location : The District is located in the Central Part of the Deccan Plateau and lies between 160 30` and 180 20` of North Latitude and 770 30` and 790 30` of East Longitudes.

Boundaries : The District is bounded on the North by Medak District, East by Nalgonda District, South by Mahaboobnagar District, West by Gulbarga District & North West of Bidar District of Karnataka State. It covers an area of 7564.88 Sq. Kms.

The district can be divided into three broad basins.  A major part (65%) of the district is covered by Musi river basin (Osman sagar and Himayat sagar for drinking purpose).  The next largest basin is the Kagna basin a tributary to Bhima River.  There is a good potential in this basin, which can irrigate large areas.  The third basin is the Manjeera, which is part of the Godavari basin where the area under irrigation is limited.

Ranga Reddy district comprises of plains, but is mostly criss - cross with rivers, seasonal rivulets and small streams.  Ananthagiri hill range spreads across the district from Mahaboobnagar District in the South to Dharur mandal in Vikarabad revenue division in the North.

Administrative setup :

The district is having three Revenue divisions, 12 Agricultural Sub-divisions, with 37 Mandals,1055 villages.

 

Revenue Divisions

Revenue Mandal

No. of Villages

No. of Gram Panchayats

Ranga Reddy East

1. Medchal

29

18

 

2. Shamirpet

30

22

 

3. Keesara

16

12

 

4. Qutubullapur

18

11

 

5.  Hayathnagar

41

27

 

6. Saroornagar

29

13

 

7. Ghatkesar

27

21

 

8. Uppal

14

-

 

9. Ibrahimpatnam

28

22

 

10. Yacharam

20

20

 

11. Manchal

25

18

 

12. Maheswaram

33

23

 

13. Kandukur

30

23

 

Division Total

340

230

Chevella

1. Rajendra Nagar

40

14

 

2. Serilingampally

26

-

 

3. Shamshabad

43

24

 

4. Chevella

36

30

 

5. Shahbad

25

29

 

6. Shankarapally

26

25

 

7. Moinabad

26

21

 

8. Pargi

37

22

 

9. Doma

28

21

 

10. Kulkacherla

30

29

 

11. Gandeed

29

24

 

12. Malkajgiri

12

-

 

13. Balanagar 

14

-

 

Division Total

372

239

Vikarabad

1. Vikarabad

35

21

 

2. Nawabpet

22

22

 

3. Pudur

34 25

25

 

4. Dharur

38

21

 

5. Marpally

28

19

 

6. Bantaram

26

18

 

7. Mominpet

23

20

 

8. Tandur

38

25

 

9. Peddemul

34

25

 

10. Basheerabad

31

16

 

11. Yalal

34

24

 

Division Total

343

236

 

District Total

1,055

705

 

Mandals of Ranga Reddy Dt.

 Demography :

Ψ According to 2001 Census, the total population of the District is 35,75,064 about 54.20% of which live in Urban Areas.

 

Ψ The District ranks 20th in its area and takes (9)th place in size of Population among the 23 Districts of the State.

 

Ψ Out of the total Population 5.20 Lakhs belongs to Scheduled Caste and 1.46 Lakhs belongs to Scheduled Tribes.

 

Ψ The population figures of both the sexes from 1901 Census to 2001 Census in the District given below.

 

Year

2001 sensus (in Lakhs)

Male

18.39

Female

17.36

Total

35.75

 

Growth of Population :- The Population of the District has rises from 25,51,966 in 1991 to 35,75,064 by 2001 exhibiting an increase of 10,23,098 persons which works out to 40.10% growth.

Sex Ratio :- The Population of females to 1000 males in the District improved slightly from 941 in 1991 to 994 in 2001 Census.

Density of Population :- Due to increasing trend of urbanization in the District. The District has been continuously on the increase of Population since 1931.

The density of population has increased from 45 in 1991 Census to 473 in 2001 Census per Sq.Km.

Farming Situation Wise Mandals Covered In Ranga Reddy District :

 

FARMING  SITUATION

NO. OF MANDALS

MANDALS COVERED

Medium  Irrigation Project Light Soils

3

Yalal, Peddemul, Pargi

 

 

 Red Soils -under tube wells and Well Irrigation.

19

Doma, Quthbullapur, Saroornagar, Shamshabad, Ibrahimpatnam, Gandveed, Medchal,  Keesara, Uppal,Serilingampally, Maheswaram, Kulkacherla, Shamirpet, Hayathnagar, Ghatkesar, Rajendranagar Kandukur, Manchal, Yacharam.

 

Black Soils -under tube well and Well Irrigation. 

16

Moinabad, Vikarabad, Pudur, Basheerabad, Shahbad, Marpally, Bantaram, Dharur, Navabpet, Mominpet, Peddemul, Tandur, Yalal, Chevella, Shankarpally, pargi. 

 Red Soils –Under Tank  Irrigation

19

Doma, Medchal, Shamirpet, Qutbullapur, Hayathnagar, Uppal, Ghatkesar, Gandveed, Kulkacherla, Ibrahimpatnam, Yacharam, Manchal, Keesara, Maheswaram, Kandukur, Saroornagar, Rajendranagar, Shamshabad, Serlingampally

 

Black Soils- Under Tank Irrigation

17

Moinabad, Shahbad,Dharur, Vikarabad, Marpally, Nawabpet, Pudur, Kulkacherla,Mominpet Chevella, Shankerpally,Bantaram, Tandur, Basheerabad, Yalal, Peddemu, pargi

 Rainfed- Red soils

19

Doma, Medchal, Shamirpet, Quthbullapur, Keesara, Hayathnagar, Saroornagar, Uppal, Ghatkesar, Shamshabad, Serilingampally, Kulkacherla, Gandveed, Ibrahimpatnam, Yacharam, Maheshwaram, Kandukur, Manchal, Rajendranagar

Rainfed – Black soils

16

Chevella, Shahbad, Shankarpally, Moinabad, Vikarabad, Nawabpet, Dharur, Pudur, Tandur  Peddemul,Yalal,Basheerabad, Marpally,  Bantaram, Mominpet, pargi

Irrigation – Musi Sewage

 

3

Hayathnagar, Ghatkesar, Uppal.

 

Land Utilization Particulars :

The total geographical area of the district is 7.49 Lakhs hectares.  The total area sown is about 2.38 lakh ha, constituting 31.77 % of total area. Out of 2.38 lakh ha, 80% is rainfed and about 20% is under irrigated conditions.  The District is predominately dependent on rainfall with limited irrigation potential.

Land Utilization particulars     

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

 

2008

Forest

73080

73030

73030

73080

73080

73000

73000

Barren and Un-Cultivable land

46890

47140

44690

37510

37510

38000

28000

Land put to Non- Agricultural Uses

68480

74990

75420

86410

87620

88000

10200

Culturable Waste

31810

32100

27370

27590

26450

21000

20000

Permanent pastures and Other Grass land

58440

55000

53080

50880

46080

34000

33000

Land under Miscellaneous tree crops and groves not included in net area sown

10040

10040

7250

7870

7410

6000

6000

Current Fallows

101470

67080

12389

11965

11630

18800

21800

Other Fallow lands

74560

59850

52630

57970

63700

66000

63000

Net Area Sown

288490

334020

295870

292290

295120

239000

206000

Total Geographical area

749300

749300

749300

749300

749300

749300

749300

Total Cropped Area

318790

356100

318230

313580

320400

266000

238000

Area Sown More than Once

30310

22080

22360

21290

25290

27000

32000

 

(Source CMIE database – 2008)

Land use and Land cover of Ranga Reddy Dt. (NBSSLUP-2006)

Operational Holdings :

The District has got 2.81 lakh farm holdings covering an area of 5.0 lakh hectares.  The marginal holdings are 1.33 lakh in Nos. covering an area of only 0.67 lakh hectares. The large holdings are very few in number i.e. 0.04 Lakhs covering 0.74 lakh hectares.

Category

Size of Holding (in ha)

Total holdings

 

Area (in ha.)

 

% of the total No. holdings

 

% of the total area

 

Marginal

Up to 1

133056

67084

47

14

Small

1 to 2

74298

102420

26

20

Semi Medium

2 to 4

48802

128262

17

26

Medium

4 to 10

20861

120547

7.5

24

Large

10 and above

4040

73758

1.5

15

 

 

 

 

 

Climate  :

The climate of the district is generally dry except during the southwest monsoon.  

 

Month

Rainfall (mm)

Normal

Temperature 0 C

Relative Humidity (%)

Mean wind speed (kmph) Normal

Maximum

Minimum

January

5.0

28.6

14.6

57

06

February

3.0

31.2

18.7

49

07

March

7.0

34.8

21.1

40

08

April

15.0

36.9

23.0

42

08

May

31.0

38.7

26.7

44

12

June

104.0

34.1

24.8

64

14

July

183.0

29.8

23.0

73

14

August

172.0

29.5

22.0

78

13

September

128.0

29.7

22.3

74

10

October

98.0

30.3

20.5

66

07

November

30.0

28.7

17.5

59

06

December

5.0

27.8

14.9

53

06

 

It receives rainfall through the following seasons.

Season

Months

Normal Rainfall (mm)

Hot weather

March - May

53.0

South west Monsoon

June - September

587.0(75.0%)

North east Monsoon

Oct - December

133.0(16.8%)

Winter

Jan - February

8.0

 

                                                                         

 Agricultural  Machinery And Implements  : ( CMIE, 2003)

Name of the Machines

Nos.

Diesel Engines             

657

Electric Pumps             

45606

Tractors                                  

 1916

Power Tillers   

177

Irrigation Sources ( In Ha) :

Name of the Source

Area in Ha

Canals

2351

Tanks

7351

Tube wells

58896

Filter points  Other Wells

27398

Lift Irrigation

1893

Other Sources

1490

Gross Irrigated Area

98206

Area Irrigated more than once

17979

Net Area Irrigated

80227

  

                                                  

Soils :

Red soils predominate in the District followed by Black Cotton soils. The Mandals Where more than 50% of the villages have Red-Chelka soils are Medchal. Shamirpet, Qutubllapur, Keesara, Hayathnagar, Saroornagar, Uppal, Ghatkesar, Rajendranagar, Pargi, Doma, Shamshabad, Serilingampally, Malkajgiri, Balanagar, Kulkacherla and Gandeed. Dubba soils are largely found in ibrahimpatnam, Manchal, Yacharam, Maheshwaram and Kandukur mandals besides Red Chelka soils. The mandals  with black soils are Chevella, Shahbad, Vikarabad, Newabpet, Dharur, Pudur, Tandur, Peddemul, Yalal, Basheerbad, Marpally, Mominpet and Bantararm. Red soils are neutral whereas black soils are slightly alkaline, pH ranges from 6.5 to 8.5.  The soils are highly deficient in nitrogen, low to medium in available P and high in available K.  Zinc deficiency is common in all the mandals (deficiency ranges from 16 per cent to 90 per cent).

 

Soil Types of Ranga Reddy Dt. (NBSSLUP-2006)

Fertility Status of soils of Ranga Reddy Dt. (NBSSLUP-2006)

 

Potential Soil Loss in Ranga Reddy Dt. (NBSSLUP-2006)

Cropping Pattern :

The variation in the fertility of the soils is the main cause for the difference in cropping pattern of the eastern and western regions in the district.  Black cotton soils predominate the western region (Chevella, Pargi, Vikarabad, Marpally and Tandur).  The Principal crops of the district are Jowar, Rice, Ragi, Castor and Pulses.  Food crops account for (85%) and the non-food crops (15%) to the gross area sown in the district.  Grape cultivation makes the district occupy the distinct place in the state.

            The District has a total cropped area of 3.16 lakh hectares, out of which 2.15 lakh hectares is covered by; food crops, 0.30 lakh hectares by oil seeds and 0.47 lakh hectares by commercial crops.  Similarly 0.24 lakh hectares is covered under Horticultural Crops.

 

Crops Grown In The District :

Cereals                         :       Rice, Jowar, Bajra,   Maize, Ragi

Pulses                           :       Redgram,  Bengalgram, Greengram, Blackgram, Horsegram, 

                     Cowpea.

Oil Seeds                     :       Groundnut, Safflower, Castor, Sunflower,Sesame,

Commercial Crops       :        Cotton, Turmeric Chillies, Sugarcane       

Vegetables                   :  Tomato, Brinjal, Bhendi, Bottlegourd, Cabbage, Cauli Flower,

                                       Carrot, Onion           

Flowers                        :  Marigold, Chrysanthemum , Jasmine (Kagda Malle), Asters, 

                                       Crossandra, Rose ,Lily.

Fruit Crops                   :  Grapes,Guava, Mango,Sapota.

Minor  Spices               :  Ajwan, Fennel, Coriander, Niger.

 

Major crops grown in Ranga Reddy district during kharif and rabi season 2008-09

 

Crop

Kharif, 2008-09

Rabi, 2008-09

 

Normal area (ha)

Actual area sown (ha)

Normal area (ha)

Actual area sown (ha)

Rice

20777

18337

12823

12126

Bajra

638

232

1

0

Jowar

26711

15140

15173

6661

Maize

26284

20797

717

712

Ragi

2913

1475

76

49

Wheat

-

-

1390

987

Minor Millets

30

0

-

-

Redgram

34562

29743

-

-

Greengram

14916

10190

2

0

Blackgram

8221

4632

1

0

Horsegram

371

199

449

111

Cowpea

219

106

-

-

Bengalgram

-

-

6031

7445

Other Pulses

22

0

-

-

Groundnut

268

99

4831

6809

Sesamum

1165

467

-

-

Sunflower

304

197

415

212

Castor

10725

6755

-

-

Cotton

17679

16184

-

-

Safflower

-

-

3331

2538

Other Oilseeds

498

298

78

0

Sugarcane

1200

1159

-

-

Chillies

1446

547

631

161

Turmeric

4720

3660

-

-

Potato

34

16

-

-

Soybean

40

24

-

-

Onion

387

130

2078

1436

Coriander

-

-

144

0

Other Non Food Crops

-

-

1373

1095

Other Food Crops

-

-

8399

6432

Gross Area

202354

152766

57943

46774

 

Production and productivity of major crops  in Ranga Reddy district during kharif and rabi season 2008-09

 

Name of the crop

Kharif, 2008-09

Rabi, 2008-09

Productivity (kgs/ha)

Production (in metric tones)

Productivity (kgs/ha)

Production (in metric tones)

Rice

2896

53103

2749

33334

Bajra

944

309

-

-

Jowar

1307

20378

1168

7780

Maize

3488

93298

5593

3982

Ragi

1118

1649

1874

92

Wheat

-

-

562

555

Redgram

561

18518

-

-

Greengram

453

4616

-

-

Blackgram

425

2176

-

-

Horsegram

481

95

350

39

Bengalgram

-

-

1248

9276

Groundnut

728

1215

2205

15014

Sesamum

232

108

-

-

Sunflower

479

94

1214

257

Castor

498

4087

-

-

Cotton

391

6644

-

-

Sugarcane

83804

3100

-

-

Onion

16751

2194

20395

29287

Chillies

3698

2148

3771

607

Safflower

 

 

775

1967

 

Area under Horticultural crops in the district :

I. Fruit crops :

Crop

Exsting area (ha)

 

Fresh plantations (ha)

Total (ha)

Banana

185

100

50

335

Sweet Orange

1059

1501

504

5064

Acidlime

106

180

12

352

Mango

4120

1439

303

5862

Ber

3

1

0

4

Guava

1054

667

404

2125

Grapes

1925

60

50

2035

Papaya

30

5

25

60

Sapota

18

5

8

31

Pomegranate

28

0

10

38

Custard Apple

24

0

0

24

Other Fresh Fruits

94

0

0

94

Total Area

 

 

 

16024

II. Vegetable crops :

Crop

Kharif (ha)

Rabi (ha)

Summer (ha)

Total (ha)

Tomato

3915

2163

799

6877

Brinjal

617

510

186

1313

Bhendi

698

429

140

1267

Snake Gourds

66

38

15

119

Onion

501

207

51

759

Leafy Vegetables

624

293

104

1021

Beans

316

217

90

623

Carrot

1638

936

150

2724

Green Chillies

103

50

41

194

Other

1210

931

285

2426

Potato

-

164

-

164

Sweet Potato

-

12

3

15

Cucumber

68

18

10

96

Bitter Gourd

109

62

25

196

Cabbage

181

97

39

317

Cauliflower

105

85

12

202

Bottle Gourd

212

109

35

356

Drumstick

10

2

3

15

Peas

-

12

-

12

Cocinia

55

32

6

93

Ridge Gourd

312

124

86

522

Capsicum

121

69

14

204

Total

 

 

 

19515

 

III. Floriculture :

Crop

Total (ha)

Jasmine

243

Rose

127

Crossandra

105

Marygold

544

Asters

99

Chrysanthemum

996

Others

288

Total

2402

 

IV. Spices and Condiments :

Crop

Total (ha)

Chillies

1126

Coriander

191

Tamarind

25

Curry Leaf

25

Turmeric

4518

Ginger

85

Ajwan

2513

Others

219

Total

8702

 

V. Medicinal and Aromatic plants :

Crop

Total (ha)

Amla

200

Total

200

 

Existing  Cropping  System :

Under Rainfed Situation: Jowar / Castor with Redgram as inter crop, Jowar / Bajra / Ragi, Maize + Redgram, Redgram as pure crop, Ground nut as pure crop / Mixed with Redgram, Cotton as pure crop, Jowar + Bengalgram / Safflower, Castor as pure crop.

Under Irrigated conditions: Rice – Rice, Rice – Ground nut, Rice – Vegetables, Fallow – Rice (under command area) Vegetables- Vegetables.

Recommended Crop  Diversity :

Under Rainfed – Black Soils situation

In Kharif :-      Greengram or Sunhemp or pillipesara or Redgram + Greengram / Sesame

                        /Jowar / Maize.

In Rabi  :         Jowar or Bengalgram or Safflower and intercropping with Ajwan /Fennel

                        /Marigold /Niger/ Coriander/Sunflower, Jowar +Safflower, Bengalgram +

                        Safflower.

Under Rainfed - Light Soils Situation :

Greengram - Maize (green cobs), Castor, Vegetables, Horsegram – Ragi, Ragi – Horsegram, Foddercrops - Castor + Horsegram,

Under Assured Irrigation -Black Soils situation :

 Chillies, Greengram – Maize,  Vegetables round the year according to market demand and weather suitability. Redgram+ Maize/Jowar/Soybean, followed by whiteseeded sesame in rabi summer. Turmeric + Maize - Sesame in rabi summer, colacasia, Flowers, Vegetables + Flowers, Chillies + Flowers, Maize - Rabi Redgram

Under Assured irrigation :

 Light soils situation: Greengram - Onion /Maize/Ground nut / rabi castor / Vegetables

Chillies + Flower, Maize – Groundnut, Rice - Ground nut, Vegetables round the year based on suitability and market, Maize - Rabi Redgram, Turmeric + Maize - Greengram / Sesame, Ginger + Castor / cowpea.

Animal Husbandry :

Apart from the production of Milk and Meat, the Cattle in the District are used as draught power in Agriculture. As per the Livestock Census (2003) the district has livestock population of 15.57 lakhs and poultry population of 118.76 Lakhs. The particulars of Livestock population in Ranga Reddy District :

Item

Population

Cattle

3,04,592

Buffaloes

2,72,342

Goats

3,18,646

Sheep

6,46,920

Pigs

14,386

Others

734

Total Livestock (all Categories)

15,57, 620

Poultry

1,18,76,380

(Source Dept. of  Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Govt. of India)

The Poultry population is mostly concentrated in Hayathnagar, Qutubullapur, Maheshwaram Mandals due to their proximity to the twin cities

 

Assessment of Agricultural Situation and Problems :

Semi-arid tract with limited irrigation sources, current fallows constitute 15-16% of geographical area consistently for last 7 years Forest cover in the dist is only 9% of total geographical area which is less than optimum  Area under irrigation is only 18-20% and 80% is dependent on periodic and erratic rainfall (normal - 812 mm) Only 3 medium irrigation projects (Laknapur, Juntapally, Kotpally) available Commanding area of about 3000 ha which constitutes only 5% of total irrigated area encompassing 3 mandals only viz. Parigi, Yalal and Peddemul.  Further, the potential of medium irrigation projects is not fully exploited. Major irrigation source is wells (65%) followed by tanks (17%), tubewells (10%) and others (8%).

Erratic rainfall, not well distributed with intermittent or prolonged dry spells influence the time of sowings, inter culture operations,  crop stand and yields of rainfed crops as well as I.D crops due to poor recharge of ground water  Ultimately, productivity in most of the crops is low over state average

 Marginal and small farmers constitute 73% of the total land holdings possessing 35% of total area. While semi-medium to medium farmers constitute 25% of total holdings occupying 50% of the area. Large holdings constitute only 2% with only 15 percent area.

Of late urbanization, sprawling farmhouses and satellite towns in around the Hyderabad in Ranga Reddy dist (for which statistics is lacking) influencing farmers to switch over to alternate occupations other than agriculture.

 Heavy metal pollution in soils crops and grasses grown with sewage and effluent water all along with MUSI river and  has impact on milch animals.

Soil problems: Medium in nitrogen; Low in available phosphorous; Zinc deficiency predominant; Calcium induced micro nutrient deficiency in calcareous soils.

Potentials Of Ranga Reddy District :

Grape cultivation is very distinct to the district Olericulture and floriculture area is gaining priority as it is in the precincts of twin cities. Recently, it has been identified as potential zone for export of vegetables, flowers, grapes and mango. Besides certain crops like Maghi Jowar, Oats, Ragi,Redgram, Safflower, Bengalgram, Ajwan, Fennel are traditionally grown in specific situations in the district. Area under Carrots, Onion, Gourds, Leafy vegetables, is considerably increasing in certain mandals of the district( Chevella, Vikarabad, Shahbad, Shankarpally). Area under Kagda Malle, (non-fragrant jasmine), Chrysanthemum, Marigold, Crossandra, Asters, Lilly is increasing in certain mandals (Shamshabad,Maheshwaram, Shankarpally, Moinabad, Vikarabad, Nawabpet).  Ginger and Turmeric crops can be encouraged in specific farming situations (red loams under assured irrigation) over Pargi, Vikarabad, Nawabpet, Marpally and Mominpet Mandals.

In Grey and Shadow areas (poor ground water source, very low rainfall areas) and under light soils (chalka soils) like Ibrahimpatnam, Yacharam, Medchal, Shameerpet, Pargi, Gandeed, Moinabad, Shankarapalli, Shamshabad, Rajendranagar, Maheshwaram etc, drought tolerant crops like castor, Ragi Horsegram, cluster bean, ridgegourd etc., need to be encouraged.

Diversification of farming systems to overcome crop failures and for subsidiary income. e.g. Agriculture + Sheep farming, Agriculture + Poultry, Agriculture + Horticulture, Agriculture + Dairy, Silvi-pasture system, Agroforestry (in rainfed situation)- Neem, Aonla, tamarind planting in wastelands or permanent fallows. Medicinal and Aromatic plants in dry areas under limited water source, with assured market tie-up.

Major Pest And Disease Problems In Crops And Vegetables :

S.No.

Crop

Disease

1

Rice

Stemborer,BPH, Blast, Sheath rot / blight

2

Jowar

Shoot fly, Aphids, Grain mould

3

Redgram

Helicoverpa, Wilt

4

Castor

Semilooper, Botrytis, Capsuleborer.

5

Groundnut

Thrips, Sclerotium stem and pod rot, Tikka leafspots

6

Turmeric

Leafspots, rhizome rot, root grub

7

Cotton

Aphids, Jassids, Thrips, Whitefly, Bollworms

 

S.No.

Vegetable

Disease

1

Tomato

Blight, Virus, Helicoverpa

2

Brinjal

Shoot borer, Red spidermite,Whitefly

3

Gourds

Serpentine leaf miner, Thrips, Fruitfly, Fusarium wilt, Powdery mildew

4

Chilli

Thrips, Mites, Virus,  Powdery mildew, Die back, Spodoptera

5

Cabbage and Cauliflower

DBM, Spodoptera

6

Bhendi

Virus, Fruit borer,Thrips, Jassids, Red spidermite, Powdery mildew.

7

Onion

Thrips, Leafspot

 

MANDALS COVERED BY KVK IN RANGA REDDY DISTRICT

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